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Digital-Daily : CPU & Memory : intel_cpu_spring_2007

Modern Intel processors

Modern Intel processors
Author: Vladimir Romanchenko
Date: 14.03.2007

We are presenting some reference information on Intel's CPUs, chipsets, and platforms topical for the "spring/summer 2007" season. This is not the first roundup material of the kind on our site - for instance, in autumn 2005 the article Intel processors today and tomorrow had an immense success, and quite recently we published something similar about 3D graphics - Modern graphic processors - 2007. As the practice has shown, our readers are not only interested in reviews only, but primarily in the exhaustive set of reference data collected in one place and, preferably, regularly updated.

Starting with this publication onwards and meeting the desires of our readers, we intend to present to your attention a complete and varied reference information in a tabular form on processors and not only on them. In view of the huge amount of data to be processed, at this stage we decided to confine to only Intel CPUs for desktop and mobile systems,.leaving out [for now] the server sector. Anyway, the pattern of Intel platforms is not complete without server solutions, that is why the come up in some tables.

Also, for the purpose of expediency, we have included only the processors topical today or in only the nearest future, and only their key specifications. Perhaps with time we'll get round to a complete listing of chip identifications and even go deep into the past presenting you a full history of the CPUs despite the little importance of this information from the modern practical viewpoint, such data is anyway important in some specific cases like upgrade, historical research, etc.

Needless to say, the information presented in the tables is getting outdated almost every day. Hardly more than a month passes and new processors emerge (quite possibly, some of the newly released have not been included into the table through our oversight); at the same time, subscription on Intel product line updates regularly brings data of another CPU model phasing out on the grounds of restructuring the production lines for newer chips.

If the initiative proves to be in demand, we'll proceed with the publications, and first of all we'll be preparing reference materials on those computer components and products which are of most interest among the readers.

Most probably, the most practical way of maintaining such reference information will be its regular update - say, once a season (spring/autumn), on a quarterly or monthly basis. At the same time, we would be indeed appreciated to our readers for support of this project. We would welcome your remarks on noticed errors and omissions, your suggestions and ideas on improving the form of presentation of data, and your requests for desired data, so that we could jointly make an exhaustive and handy reference resource.

Another thing to note. From time to time, the tables present names of not yet officially presented Intel's future CPUs, chipsets, platforms and architectures. Of course, this info is unofficial and is included into the data as a reference point (not a guideline).

Marking of modern Intel processors

Just to warm up - a few words on the marking of Intel's modern processors. I presume, the pinout of the new processors is clear - it is the well-known and familiar LGA775. All the more or less modern Intel CPU models - both high-end and mainstream - have long migrated to LGA775.

But the marking of CPUs has undergone serious changes and now is made up of 5 elements - a combination of the letter prefix followed by a 4-digit numerical index. It makes sense decoding the 5-digit marking of Intel CPUs with the letter index which identifies the TDP of the processor, without any relation to the form factor.

Letter indices in modern 5-digit marking of Intel's CPUs
X
TDP over 75W
E
TDP 50W and higher
T
TDP within 25W to 49W
L
TDP within 15W to 24W
U
TDP about 14W and less

In its turn, the 4-digit index also has the following meaning: the higher the 4-digit number in the CPU marking, the higher performance and power consumption it offers. At the same time, the first digit means the belonging of the chip to a certain product family, and the second one stands for the respective ranking within the family. Therefore, the greater the figure is, the higher is the performance of the chip.

Here are a few examples of how the marking of modern processors looks and what stands behind the notation:

  • Core 2 Extreme X6800 2.93 GHz, 4 MB L2 cache, 1066 MHz FSB
  • Core 2 Duo E6600 2.4 GHz, 4 MB L2 cache, 1066 MHz FSB
  • Core 2 Duo E6400 2.13 GHz, 2 MB L2 cache, 1066 MHz FSB
  • Core Duo T2500 2 GHz, 2 MB L2 cache, 667 MHz FSB
  • Core Duo U2500 1.06 GHz, 2 MB L2 cache, 533 MHz FSB

Then, there follows a list of key connectors and contact systems for Intel processors. Incomplete, of course. In future, it is planned to add all the types of contact systems for Intel CPUs, including the options for onboard soldering.

Key connectors/contact systems of Intel CPUs
Socket-W
Socket 423 (for desktop PCs. Taken out of production)
Socket-N
Socket 478 (for desktop PCs. Taken out of production)
Socket-F
Socket 603 (for server systems)
Socket-T
LGA775 (Land Grid Array. T - Tejas)
Socket-C
The socket was originally planned for use with Cedar Mill. Cancelled.

Marking of modern Intel processors

The table collects the so-called "working names" of Intel CPUs for desktop PCs which are used unofficially before the date of announcement, together with the matching names of Intel's micro-architectures and the retail names of the chips.

Processors for desktop PCs
NetBurst micro-architecture (Pentium 4)
CedarMill 65 nm Pentium 4
CedarMill-V 65 nm Celeron
Smithfield 90 nm Pentium D 8xx
Presler 65 nm Pentium D 9xx
Core (Conroe) micro-architecture
Conroe 65 nm Core (Merom)
Allendale Advanced Conroe core
Millville Next generation of Conroe core
Wolfdale Next generation of Conroe core
Nehalem New generation of the Conroe architecture with support for EM64T

The same - working names of Intel CPUs with the matching names of micro-architectures and the retail names of the chips, for mobile PCs.

Intel CPUs for mobile and economy systems
Banias micro-architecture
Banias 0.13 mk Pentium M/Celeron M
Dothan 90 nm generation of Pentium M/Celeron M
Yonah-2P 65 nm generation dual-core CPUs
Core (Yonah, Merom) micro-architecture
Yonah-DC (Yonah-2P) Dual-core 65 nm version of Core Duo
Yonah-SC (Yonah-1P) Single-core 65 nm version of Core Solo CPUs
Yonah-2D Alternative name Yonah-DC (Dothan Core)
Merom New 65 nm generation of Core micro-architecture
Penryn 45 nm version of Merom core
Gilo A new generation of the Core micro-architecture expected after the Merom

For reference - the same regarding the names Intel CPUs for server systems. Here is a complete list of CPUs of the recent years, including chips of the IA64 Itanium architecture.

Intel CPUs for server systems and workstations
Pentium 4 architecture
Foster 0.18 mk Xeon (based on the Willamette core)
Foster MP 0.18 mk Xeon MP with L3 cache
Gallatin 0.13 mk Xeon MP with L3 cache
Prestonia 0.13 mk Xeon DP
Nocona 90 nm Xeon DP (based on the Prescott core)
Irwindale 90 nm Xeon DP with 2 MB L2 cache
Cranford 90 nm Xeon MP (based on the Nocona core) with 1 MB L2 cache
Potomac 90 nm Xeon MP with L3 cache
Jayhawk Xeon DP based on Tejas (cancelled)
Paxville MP Dual-core 90 nm Xeon MP
Paxville DP Dual-core 90 nm Xeon DP
Dempsey Dual-core 90 nm Xeon DP (2 cores per chip)
Tulsa 65 nm version of dual-core server CPUs
Conroe/Merom/Yonah architecture
Sossaman Dual-core 65 nm DP Xeon LV (on the base of the Yonah DC core)
Woodcrest Dual-core 65 nm Xeon DP
Whitefield Generic design of 65 nm 4-core Xeon MP CPU (cancelled)
Tigerton Quad-core 65 nm Xeon MP
Dunnington Quad-core 45 nm Xeon MP
Clovertown Quad-core 65 nm CPU
IA-64 architecture
Merced First generation of the Itanium architecture
McKinley 0.18 mk Itanium 2
Madison 0.13 nm Itanium 2
Deerfield 0.13 nm LV Itanium 2
Madison 9M 0.13 nm Itanium 2 with 9 MB L3 cache
Fanwood 0.13 nm Itanium 2 with 4 MB L3 cache
LV Fanwood 0.13 nm LV Itanium 2
Chivano New generation of the IA-64 architecture based on the Madison (cancelled)
Montecito Dual-core 90 nm version of Itanium 2 MP/DP
Millington Dual-core 90 nm version of IA-64 DP (cancelled)
LV Millington 90 nm LV DP IA-64 (cancelled)
Montvale Dual-core 65 nm IA-64
Tukwila Quad-core 65 nm MP IA-64
Tanglewood Updated design of Tukwila
Dimona 65 nm version of DP IA-64
Poulson 8-core 45 nm MP IA-64

In view of Intel's new marketing strategy aimed primarily at the promotion of comprehensive platform solutions (and not specific components as before),it is indeed topical to include a list of working names of platforms within which Intel is generating hardware-software systems for desktop, mobile, and server systems.

Intel's platform technologies
Desktop platforms
Lyndon Corporate platform of year 2005
Anchor Creek Entertainment household platform of year 2005
Averill Corporate platform of year 2006
Bridge Creek Entertainment household platform of year 2006
Intel Viiv Entertainment household platform
Intel vPro Corporate platform
Mobile system platforms
Carmel Centrino, based on Odem/Montara
Sonoma Centrino-2005, based on the Alviso chipset
Napa Centrino-2006, based on the Calistoga chipset
Napa SC Centrino-2006, single-core design based on the Calistoga
Napa DC Centrino Duo - 2006, dual-core version based on Calistoga
Napa 64 Napa version based on the Merom core
Santa Rosa Version of Centrino Duo (Centrino Pro?) based on Crestline, 2007
Montevina Improved economy version Santa Rosa, plus SFF, DX9, HDCP for HDMI, DVI and UDI; Robson 2.0, VT, and Intel Trusted Execution Technology; support for HD DVD and Blu-ray; Penryn CPUs, chipsets Cantiga GM and PM. Second half of 2008
Platforms for server systems and workstations
Truland Platform IA-32 MP for servers based on the NetBurst architecture, year 2005
Gallaway Platform IA-32 UP for workstations, year 2005
Bensley Platform IA-32 DP for servers, year 2006
Bensley-VS Platform IA-32 DP for servers, year 2006
Glidewell Platform IA-32 DP for workstations, year 2006
Kaylo Platform IA-32 UP for servers, year 2006
Wyloway Platform IA-32 UP for workstations, year 2006
Reidland Platform IA-32 MP for servers, year 2007
Richford Platform IA-64 MP for servers based on the Tukwila, year 2008
Thurley Platform for mainstream IA-32 MP servers based on Gainestown CPUs with integrated 6-channel DDR3 800/1066/1333 controller, with support for 42 PCI Express lanes (36 of them - PCI E 2.0), based on the Tylersburg-DP chipset with support for six SAS/SATA 3 GB/s ports with the hardware RAID 5 (Sunrise Lake), Dual GbE (Zoar/Adorami) and 10 GbE (Oplin), iAMT 3.0. Second half of 2008

It is not easy to make a decision regarding Intel's chipsets which are of no real interest to the modern buyer. The modern buyer is heterogeneous.

Intel chipsets
For Intel Pentium 4/Celeron
Tehama Intel 850
Brookdale-SDRAM Version of Intel 845 with support for SDRAM
Brookdale-DDR Version of Intel 845 with support for DDR SDRAM
Brookdale-E Intel 845E
Brookdale-G Intel 845G
Brookdale-GL Intel 845GL
Tehama-E Intel 850E
Tulloch Chipset with support for RDRAM (cancelled)
Canterwood Intel 875P
Springdale-PE Intel 865PE
Springdale-G Intel 865G
Springdale-P Intel 865P
Alderwood Intel 925X
Alderwood 1066 Intel 925XE (with support for 1066 MHz FSB)
Grantsdale-P Intel 915P
Grantsdale-G Intel 915G
Grantsdale-GV Intel 915GV
Grantsdale-GL Intel 910GL
Glenwood Intel 955X
Wyloway Intel 975X/XE Express for high-end PC
Lakeport-P Intel 945P
Lakeport-G Intel 945G
Broadwater GC Integrated Intel G965 for household PC
Broadwater P Discrete Intel P965 for household PC
Broadwater G Integrated Intel Q965 for corporate PC
Broadwater GF Integrated Intel Q963 for corporate PC
Bearlake Future model of year 2007 (with support for DDR3)
For mobile systems
Banister Intel 440MX
Almador-M Intel 830M (for Tualatin M)
Greendale Mobile chipset with support for RDRAM (cancelled)
Brookdale-M Intel 845MP
Brookdale-MZ Intel 845MZ
Odem Intel 855PM
Montara-GM Intel 855GM
Montara-GM+ Intel 855GME
Montara-GML Intel 852GM
Montara-GT Intel 852GME
Montara-P Intel 852PM
Montara-GML+ Intel 852GMV
Alviso-GM Intel 915GM
Alviso-PM Intel 915PM
Alviso-GMS Intel 915GMS
Alviso-GML Intel 910GML
Calistoga-GM Intel 945GM
Calistoga-PM Intel 945PM
Calistoga-GMS Intel 945GM
Calistoga-GML Intel 945GML
Crestline Chipset of year 2006 for the Merom core
Calexico Intel PRO/Wireless 2100 adapter
Calexico2 Intel PRO/Wireless 2200 adapter
Golan Intel PRO/Wireless 3945ABG adapter
Gaston Wireless adapter of year 2005 (cancelled)
For server systems and workstations
Carmel Intel 840
Colusa Intel 860
Canterwood-ES Intel E7210 (for UP servers)
Copper River Intel E7221 (for UP servers with support for PCI Express)
Granite Bay Intel E7205 (for UP workstations)
Plumas Intel E7500/7501 (for DP systems)
Placer Intel E7505 (for DP workstations)
Lindenhurst Intel E7520 (for DP workstations with support for PCI Express)
Lindenhurst-VS Intel E7320 (for DP systems with support for PCI Express)
Twincastle Intel E8500 (for MP servers with support for PCI Express)
Tumwater Intel E7525 (for DP workstations with support for PCI Express)
Blackford Intel 5000P (chipset for DP servers with support for FB-DIMM)
Blackford-VS Intel 5000V (chipset for DP servers with support for FB-DIMM)
Greencreek Intel 5000X (chipset for DP workstations with support for FB-DIMM)
Mukilteo Intel E7230 (chipset for UP servers with support for PCI Express)
Mukilteo-2/P Year 2006 version for UP servers with support for PCI Express

We now move on to the specifications of CPUs directly.

Content:

  • Page 1 - Marking, general data
  • Page 2 - Intel processors for desktop PCs
  • Page 3 - Intel processors for mobile PCs




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